A short, concise history of the “modern” homeschooling movement’s beginning. It’s an excerpt from Wikipedia. The “founders” mentioned below are well worth reading. However, for some reason, Dr. Raymond Moore’s page is no longer on Wikipedia. Here is a good overview of his and his wife’s life and work. May call them the “Grandparents of the Homeschooling Movement.”
For much of history and in many cultures, enlisting professional teachers (whether as tutors or in a formal academic setting) was an option available only to a small elite. Thus, until relatively recently, the vast majority of people were educated by family members (especially during early childhood), family friends or any one with useful knowledge.